Orthopedic regenerative medicine is a promising area in the care of musculoskeletal problems aimed at improving function and decreasing pain. Such treatments utilize the body’s own signaling compounds and/or stem cells to promote the healing of damaged tissues. Regenerative medicine treatments include platelet rich plasma (PRP), bone marrow aspirate (BMAC), amnion and stem cell treatments. TriHealth does not use embryonic stem cells in any of their orthopedic regenerative medicine.
Platelet Rich Plasma
Platelet rich plasma (PRP) uses the platelets found in blood. A sample of blood is drawn from the patient in the same fashion as routine lab draw. This blood is then separated into its components using a centrifuge. The component of the blood that contains the platelets is then removed from the other blood components and injected into the damaged tissue. The PRP is rich in growth factors that help promote the healing of tissues.
Bone Marrow Aspirate
Bone marrow aspirate (BMAC) is an office procedure where bone marrow is obtained from the patient in a minimally invasive fashion. The marrow elements are rich in healing in growth factors and potentially stem cells. These marrow elements are then reinjected into the damaged area of tissue to promote healing and improved function.
Amnion treatments consist of fluid obtained from the donated placenta of elective c-sections. This fluid is rich in growth factors that mediate the healing response in tissues.
Stem Cell Injections
Stem cells are cells within the body that are capable of becoming other cell types. In the treatment of orthopedic problems, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are cells that can differentiate into cells that make up tissues such as cartilage, tendon and bone. These are the common tissues that are affected in orthopedic problems. These cells can be injected into damaged tissues or joints to promote increased function and decreased pain. The use of embryonic stem cells is prohibited at TriHealth.
It is important to make an appointment with one of our specialists that provide regenerative medicine treatments in order to discuss the possible options, expectations of the treatments and recovery. Some of the most common conditions treated include:
- Achilles Tendinitis
- Arthritis of the joints
- Knee Pain
- Ligament sprains
- Muscle strains
- Plantar Fasciitis
- Rotator cuff injuries/shoulder pain
- Tendinitis or Tendinosis
- Tennis Elbow