Non Malignant Blood Disorders

Institutes & Services > TriHealth Cancer Institute

You may have been referred to us or entered our emergency room with a blood disorder that is not cancer or is non malignant. We provide care for many of these disorders. Our nursing staff will work closely with you to seamlessly create a plan that includes patch together your appointments, necessary testing and treatment options which could include colonoscopy, testing of skin lesions and symptom management.

  • Anemia occurs when you have a low number of healthy red blood cells, which provide oxygen to your body.
  • Aplastic Anemia is a rare and serious disease of the bone marrow.
  • Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, an immune-mediated disease causing a low red blood cell count.
  • Bleeding disorders are conditions in which a person’s body does not stop bleeding normally. A person with a bleeding disorder does not have the platelets or clotting factors his or her body needs to make blood clot, or coagulate. The two most common bleeding disorders are hemophilia and von Willebrand disease.
  • Blood Clotting Disorders: Blood clotting disorders refer to a tendency for the blood to coagulate or clot when it should not. Uncontrolled blood clotting, or thrombosis, can be life-threatening and requires medical attention. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism are two complications of blood clotting disorders.
  • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot forms in a deep vein, usually in the calves, thighs or pelvis. DVT is dangerous and can happen to anyone, but it can be prevented or treated if discovered early.
  • Epistaxis is bleeding from tissues of the nose, or a nosebleed. Most nosebleeds will not require medical treatment. However, frequent nosebleeds can be a symptom of several conditions, including a bleeding disorder, so it is important to visit a doctor to find the cause.
  • Essential Thrombocythemia or primary thrombocytosis, is a condition in which the body’s bone marrow produces a higher than normal number of platelets, the small cells that help blood to clot.
  • Hemochromatosis
  • Hemophilia a rare hereditary condition that prevents the blood from clotting properly. People who have hemophilia usually bleed longer when they are injured, and they may develop internal bleeding, which can become life-threatening.
  • Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) is a bleeding disorder in which the body’s immune system destroys platelets (which help the blood clot). With fewer platelets in the blood, excessive bruising and bleeding can occur. ITP sometimes occurs after a viral infection.
  • Iron Deficiency Anemia is the most common cause of anemia, a condition that occurs when you have too few healthy red blood cells.
  • Leukocytosis is an abnormally high number of white blood cells, or leukocytes. In many cases, it occurs when the body overproduces white blood cells in order to fight infection. This can happen with cancers, such as leukemia’s and myeloproliferative neoplasms. It can also result from physical or emotional stress, among other conditions.
  • Leukopenia is an abnormally low number of white blood cells, or leukocytes. It can result from viral infections or other medical conditions, including aplastic anemia and HIV/AIDS. It can also result from some types of cancer treatment, such as chemotherapy.
  • Low blood counts (white count, red cell count, or platelet count) due to a drug reaction-for example, heparin-induced thrombocytopenia
  • Low blood counts not due to medications but related to underlying medical conditions-for example, anemia of chronic disease, or low platelet count secondary to liver disease.
  • Menorrhagia or heavy menstrual bleeding, is when a woman has heavier periods than usual. Symptoms of menorrhagia include soaking through a sanitary pad or tampon every hour or having periods that restrict your daily activities because of cramping or heavy menstrual bleeding.
  • Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance ("MGUS"), a disorder of plasma cells causing abnormal proteins in the blood).
  • Myelodysplastic syndrome (characterized by excessive production of blood cells in the bone marrow).
  • Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a rare disorder that causes hemolytic anemia, when red blood cells are destroyed prematurely. In a person with PNH, red blood cells are missing a protein they need to survive. As a result, the person’s immune system breaks the cells apart. People with PNH are also prone to developing blood clots.
  • Pernicious Anemia occurs when a vitamin B12 deficiency prevents your body from producing enough red blood cells.
  • Polycythemia vera-too many red cells
  • Primary myelofibrosis-excess fibrous or scar tissue in the bone marrow
  • Pulmonary Embolism is a blood clot that lodges in one of the lung's arteries. This results in shortness of breath and chest pain. If not treated, it can be fatal.
  • Sickle Cell Anemia is the most common, and most serious, form of sickle cell disease. It causes red blood cells to become hard, sticky and sickle-shaped instead of round.
  • Thalassemias are inherited blood disorders in which the body does not produce enough healthy red blood cells and hemoglobin (a protein that carries oxygen to the body), resulting in anemia. There are many types of thalassemias, including Cooley’s anemia, which causes severe anemia, slowed growth, delayed puberty and other problems.
  • Thrombocytopenia is a condition in which a person’s blood has a lower than normal number of platelets. Without enough platelets, the blood cannot clot properly, and mild to serious internal or external bleeding can occur.
  • Thrombocytosis or secondary thrombocytosis, is a condition in which a person’s blood has a higher than normal number of platelets, the little pieces of blood cells that help blood to clot. It occurs when a disease (including certain cancers), condition or other outside factor causes the platelet count to rise.
  • Thrombophilia is when the body has a tendency to develop thrombosis, harmful clots in the arteries, veins or both. It can be inherited or you can develop it later in life. Thrombophilia increases a person’s risk of heart attack, stroke, deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.
  • Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP) is a rare blood disorder in which blood clots form in small blood vessels throughout the body. These clots can cut off blood flow to vital organs, such as the brain or kidneys, causing serious health problems. The increased clotting also uses up platelets, and with fewer platelets in the blood, bleeding problems can occur.
  • Von Willebrand Disease is a bleeding disorder, almost always inherited, that affects the blood’s ability to clot. Symptoms vary depending on which type a person has and include frequent or prolonged nosebleeds, heavy menstrual periods, blood in urine or stool, and large bruises from minor bumps or injuries.

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