Tendons, muscles and bones work together to give our arms and hands full range of movement. A traumatic injury to a tendon can prevent us from fully extending our wrist or fingers. Tendon injuries such as cuts (lacerations) and severe tendon tears require immediate treatment to prevent permanent damage. Fast, effective care is available at TriHealth Orthopedic & Sports Institute. Our hand and wrist specialists have extensive experience treating tendon injuries and delivering exceptional outcomes.
Traumatic Tendon Injuries of the Hand and Wrist
Tendons attach muscle to bone. In the forearm, there are several tendons called “flexor tendons” that connect the muscles of the forearm to bones in the fingers. Deep cuts on the fingers, palm or forearm can damage these flexor tendons and surrounding nerve fibers. The tendons can also be stretched too far, causing partial or full tears. In some cases, a tendon can pull completely away from the bone (avulsion fracture).
Traumatic tendon injuries of the hand and wrist causes
Flexor tendon and nerve injuries in the forearm and hand are almost always caused by sudden trauma. Causes include:
- Contact sports
- Severe tendon degeneration
Traumatic tendon injuries of the hand and wrist symptoms
Symptoms of traumatic tendon injuries include:
- Inability to bend finger joints
- Numbness or tingling in fingertips
- Pain when extending the fingers
Traumatic tendon injuries of the hand and wrist treatment
Tendon injury treatment will depend on the severity of the trauma. A tendon that is partially cut or torn may be treated nonsurgically. Full tears will require surgery to stitch the two ends of the tendon back together. Nerve damage can also be repaired surgically. After surgery, you will likely require:
- Physical therapy
Traumatic tendon injuries of the hand and wrist risk factors
Certain risk factors can increase your chances of sustaining tendon or nerve injuries. These include:
- Having an underling condition such as rheumatoid arthritis
- Performing high-risk activities such as rock climbing or wrestling
- Using sharp tools or machinery
Traumatic tendon injuries of the hand and wrist prevention
Below are a few tips for reducing your risk of injury:
- Prevent sports injuries—Avoid high-impact sports that may cause traumatic tendon injuries.
- Take safety precautions—Wear protective gloves if you must handle sharp or heavy tools and machinery.
Make an appointment
If you’ve sustained a traumatic injury such as a forearm tenon laceration, TriHealth Orthopedic & Sports Institute can help. We’ll connect you with a specialist who can evaluate your condition create a customized treatment plan. Call 513 246 7846 to learn more.