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TriHealth Orthopedic & Sports Institute

Finger Sprains and Dislocation

At TriHealth Orthopedic & Sports Institute and Beacon Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine, we specialize in treating both common and complex conditions, including finger sprains and dislocations, with compassionate, customized care. Our doctors get to know you and your lifestyle so that we can deliver treatments that best fit your needs. Whether you’re a professional athlete or you simply want to get back to lifting your grandchildren, you can rest assured that effective care is within reach.

Finger Sprains and Dislocations

Finger sprains and dislocations are relatively common injuries, but they still require an accurate diagnosis and immediate care. Left untreated, finger injuries may heal improperly and result in loss of mobility or permanent finger damage.

Finger sprains and dislocations causes

Finger sprains occur when the ligaments that connect the finger bones are stretched too far (hyperextension), resulting in a sprain, a partial ligament tear or a complete ligament tear. A dislocation, on the hand, occurs when a finger joint is pushed out of alignment. Finger sprains and dislocations can happen simultaneously. Both are usually caused by traumatic injuries such as:

  • Auto accidents
  • Sports injuries
  • Work injuries

Finger sprains and dislocations symptoms

Symptoms of finger sprains and dislocations will depend on the severity of the injury. The most common signs include:

  • Bruising of the entire injured finger
  • Finger that looks crooked where the bone has been displaced
  • Inability to move or extend the finger
  • Redness and swelling around the injured ligament or dislocated joint

Finger sprains and dislocations treatment

Mild to moderate finger sprains can usually be treated with a combination of conservative treatments, including:

  • RICE (Rest, ice, compression, elevation)
  • Splint

In the case of a simple dislocation that doesn’t involve any bone fractures, a doctor can usually move the bones back into place without surgery using a technique called closed reduction. However, if fractures are present or a finger sprain results in completely torn ligaments, surgery may be needed to stabilize the finger so that it can heal properly.

Physical therapy is usually necessary after any kind of finger sprain or dislocation treatment. Sprained or dislocated finger rehab can help restore:

  • Mobility
  • Range of motion
  • Strength

Finger sprains and dislocations risk factors

Certain risk factors can increase your chances of finger sprains and dislocations:

  • Balance disorders that can increase your risk of falls
  • High-impact or contact sports
  • Weak ligaments

Finger sprains and dislocations prevention

Sudden injuries happen without warning, so it’s nearly impossibly to completely eliminate your risk of a finger sprain or dislocation. However, you may be able to reduce your risk by:

  • Maintaining strong muscles to help prevent falls
  • Stretching fingers to help ligaments stay supple
  • Wearing finger splints or stabilizing tape during sports

Make an appointment

Don’t let finger sprains and dislocations sideline you from life. Get effective treatment from our experienced orthopedic specialists. Learn more or make an appointment with an orthopedic specialist: Call TriHealth at 513 246 2300 or our orthopedic partner, Beacon Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine, at 513 961 HAND or 513 961 4263.

TriHealth Orthopedic and Spine Institute
TOSI: 513 246 2300
Beacon: 513 354 3700
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